Author Topic: Improve your Casting 101  (Read 39923 times)

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Offline REEFMAN

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Improve your Casting 101
« on: May 07, 2012, 01:45:19 PM »
This tutorial is designed to help the beginner and those wanting to improve their casting.



What follows below is a summary of my experiences. My best tuition I ever got was from a chap by the name of Mark Lewis, who is a member of Thresher Angling club in GP. He is probably one of the best Casting coaches around. Other info comes from John Holden, www.johnholden.co.uk the UK Casting Champ -   he has written many excellent articles, books and videos on Casting.   The only problem with many of the ideas that come from International   guru's is that their style often does not suit the South African way of angling. For instance, the Pendulum cast that most of the world casting records are set with, is only suitable for edibles fishing - casting sinkers of 5oz and less. The immense force generated by a full Pendulum cast has broken many a rod in South African conditions when heavy sinkers are used.

The facts are -

Those that can cast further, generally catch more fish
Being able to cast further gives you more choice of where to fish
It is easy to cast more than 100m if you follow a few simple rules

At the outset, Casting is difficult in the sense that you have to work at it, and there are no shortcuts to becoming a proficient caster. Practice makes perfect.

What is the secret?

Knowing how to make a rod work is the basis of every successful casting style. Distance doesn't necessarily come from brute force, rather from knowing how to load a rod and to use the characteristics of a rod to propel your sinker.

What determines the distance a sinker will travel? What it boils down to is the speed of the rod tip at release.
Several factors will determine this:

  • The amount of inertia loaded into the rod blank, called "loading" the rod - bending it with a weight, and then allowing it to release this energy into the sinker, once it recoils back.
  • Length of the Arc of the Swing - the longer the arc that the rod travels through, the greater will be the speed of the tip.
  • Timing and weight transfer on release.
  • Balance tackle and equipment
In all of these factors we are assuming that the rod, reel, line and sinker weight are balanced to a position where they can work to your advantage.
We need to remember that a sinker can only travel as fast as the reel allows line off it. Any disturbance in allowing line to travel freely off the spool of the reel will affect the distance of the cast. This is where 'balancing' the equipment falls into place.

Line travelling through air is affected by wind resistance, causing drag on the line, slowing it down. Therefore the greater the diameter of the line, the more drag through the air. Larger diameter line will need a larger sinker weight to produce the same required force on the spool. Likewise, a small sinker will not load a heavy rod properly. All these factors need to be balanced before you can progress.


BACK TO BASICS!

The best way to modify your casting technique is to get back to basics. Learn how to load a rod properly.
The best way to teach your muscles the theory behind this is to learn the Off-the-Ground Cast. Now while this method will be impractical to use while actually fishing, it will teach you the basics of Casting, giving you a good foundation on which to build whatever method of Casting you use to actually fish with.


Off the Ground casting  (OTG) will teach you:

  • how to load a rod properly.
  • It will teach you to release the sinker at the correct trajectory (height)
  • It will teach you the timing necessary to get your body weight behind the Cast.
  • All the basic foundations of correct technique.
Once you have mastered the 2 techniques of OTG casting, then you can move on to the "South African Cast", a modification of the Hatteras Cast, a kind of half Pendulum Cast, where a back swing is used to begin. This is the method the vast majority of League anglers use in our country.


Off-the-ground (OTG) basics

You may have noticed that all good casters are relaxed. Their swings seem effortless. Certainly they swing the rod through a
powerful arc that drives the tackle skywards, but they never seem to strain themselves. The secret is that they use their whole bodies to supply power
and to increase the rod arc.

The strongest muscles are in the legs, waist, shoulders and back. All athletic throwing techniques - hammer, javelin, shot and discus - make fullest use of them because they are so much more powerful than the arms alone. Even a good golf swing incorporates weight transfer and timing to get good results.

In simple terms, wind yourself up into a coiled spring, lay out the tackle, then unwind through the cast. Performed this way, immense power and momentum can be achieved through using your body and weight transfer.

Here is the best example of what we're talking about. The World casting champ, Danny Moeskops, coiling up... and putting one out to 273m!!

danny moeskops casting@steyning-april 2010

So let's get started then...

OTG CAST SETUP

There are 2 methods of OTG casting. One is the Low Rod compression with the sinker straight out behind you on the ground, and the other is High Rod compression, with the sinker behind you but underneath your rod.



Begin with the Low Compression method - it is MUCH easier to get right than the High Compression.

DO NOT use the High compression method with any weight larger than a 5oz - unless you're sure - you WILL break your rod!!
Most anglers using the High Compression method for the first time are amazed at how heavy the rod loads through the Cast. Most will also have sore backs and muscles the next day!!

Use a Medium rated rod (4-6oz) with a 5oz sinker.


Stand with an open stance, slightly wider than your shoulders.
Lay the rod out behind you with the sinker drop about 1m long straight behind you.
Point your left elbow upwards towards an imaginary target 45deg above you.
Move your weight entirely onto your Right foot and lean backwards. You should be able to stand on one foot.

In this way, we are loading the spring... a tightly coiled spring, just waiting to be let loose!







The Cast starts by turning your head forwards and looking at your imaginary target 45deg above you.
As you turn your head, your weight starts to follow your turn, uncoiling the spring.
It is Important not to use your arms in any conscious way. Your arms should only follow the weight shift.






As your arms begin to follow the weight shift, the hips and legs rotate towards the target... the spring begins to unwind!




Once your arms are moving, and the rod passes the horizontal plane, you will feel the rod get slightly heavy.
Only now do you actively bring on the power with your arms.
Hammer through to your imaginary 45deg target with your Right arm, while pulling towards you with your left.




Complete the cast by following the sinker through the sky with your rod tip.





Here's a Video explaining it...

Off the Ground Casting Tutorial



This is how John Holden explains it....




The Hammer
It's important to get this right.





Once you've got the Low Compression cast under your belt, you can move on to the High Compresssion Cast.
Instead of laying the sinker straight out directly behind you, flip it back under your rod. This is an awesome way of learning how to load the rod properly.
In fact, it loads the rod so well, that I cast 30m past my normal cast using this method.

NB: Do not try this with anything more than a 5oz sinker on a 4-6oz rod. The force placed on the rod is immense, as you will find out!






Casting on auto-pilot can be disconcerting, but you must fight the natural urge to over-analyse
and control every step. Think simple. The entire cast can be summed up in a few key words:

Identify the TARGET
TURN away from the sea
Lay out the TACKLE
Slide your WEIGHT over to the left foot while turning your HEAD towards the target
FEEL the rod compress
HAMMER the cast into the sky
#TheGreatAwakening

Offline REEFMAN

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Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #1 on: May 07, 2012, 07:58:03 PM »
Once you've got all the above working well, you should now be casting 100m+! And you should have a great foundation of the mechanics behind a Cast and how to apply it your own style.

Now you need to convert this foundation into a working method that you can use to fish with. One that you're comfortable with.

As has been stated previously, most league anglers use the SA Cast. This method uses a drop of 1.5-2m. Using all the above principles, instead of the sinker laying on the ground, it is swung back behind you. As the sinker reaches terminal height, (parallel with the ground), the head turns and the cast starts.

As you become more proficient in using this method, you need to increase your swing arc a bit at a time - instead of swinging the sinker back straight, swing it out behind you at an angle - the longer the arc of the rod, the greater the speed of the rod tip at release. If the direction of the cast is 12 o'clock, swing the sinker to 7o'clock, then try 8'clock. As the arc gets bigger, so it becomes more difficult to time the release properly.

Here is a video showing the old fart way of doing it...

SA Swing cast


And this is what you should aim for... Wesley Rapson showing good technique and pure talent!

Wesley Rapson casting


Hopefully this will help someone!
#TheGreatAwakening

Offline Half-Pint

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #2 on: May 07, 2012, 08:37:58 PM »
Reefz! Do you ever stop?  :shk :shk yet another awesome article! (clap) (clap)
« Last Edit: May 07, 2012, 10:42:13 PM by Half-Pint »

Offline John F

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #3 on: May 07, 2012, 08:47:48 PM »
Great article Reefz!

 (clap)

 :+ cred: for the taking the time to offer us a well researched and put together tut!

Thank you!

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Offline REEFMAN

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #4 on: May 07, 2012, 08:55:52 PM »
PS: Forgot to give Credit to Mike Pike for the Videos! Thanks Mike.
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Offline Prego

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #5 on: May 07, 2012, 09:02:57 PM »
Sleep much?!  w;k

Incredible tut!  :+ cred:

Offline MIKE PIKE

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #6 on: May 07, 2012, 09:05:19 PM »
 :win: ... excellent tutorial ,  :bow: . .  (clap)   (clap) .

Offline MIKE PIKE

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #7 on: May 07, 2012, 09:07:30 PM »
PS: Forgot to give Credit to Mike Pike for the Videos! Thanks Mike.
         
              No problem at all , time to get me one of those GoPro cameras .... :-)

Offline Lichia amia

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #8 on: May 07, 2012, 11:07:25 PM »
  Another piece of brilliance !!!!! Standing ovation  Reefz   :udman: :+ cred: :+ cred: :+ cred:
« Last Edit: May 08, 2012, 07:48:25 AM by Lichia amia »

Offline Sailor

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #9 on: May 07, 2012, 11:25:35 PM »
Reefz, absolutely wonderfull.  :tkx: :udman:

Offline Manuel Junior

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #10 on: May 07, 2012, 11:30:45 PM »
Very Nice article Reefz!!! (clap) (clap) (clap) :+ cred: :+ cred: :+ cred:
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Offline strandloper

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #11 on: May 08, 2012, 12:22:15 AM »
Absolutely AMAZING tutorial Reefs!

 :+ cred: (clap) :rck"

By far the most comprehensive on casting I have seen anywhere.

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Offline SAfish

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #12 on: May 08, 2012, 07:51:47 AM »
 (clap) (clap) (clap) Another great article from the Master!  :+ cred: :resp:

Offline Ziggy

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #13 on: May 08, 2012, 07:59:41 AM »
I have trawled the internet on this topic before and found too much information - this tut puts it all together in an understandable way - thanks!


Any tips on casting a grinder with braid to get better distance? Same techniques - I am talking about lure fishing.


Particularly, how to cast a light lure like a camp worm on a small stick - and a rapala on a bigger stick. These are my two problems - I feel that I can never get far enough

Offline Kumz

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #14 on: May 08, 2012, 08:00:27 AM »
 :happ: :win: :FST: :uarocks .. Reefer and Pike ...  :udman:

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #15 on: May 08, 2012, 08:03:11 AM »
 :+ cred: Reefz absolutely awesome port  (clap) (clap) thank you!

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Offline Willie

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #16 on: May 08, 2012, 08:07:28 AM »
Great post Reefz  :+ cred:  This is more complicated than a golf swing  :hehe:
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Offline REEFMAN

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #17 on: May 08, 2012, 08:19:53 AM »
I have trawled the internet on this topic before and found too much information - this tut puts it all together in an understandable way - thanks!


Any tips on casting a grinder with braid to get better distance? Same techniques - I am talking about lure fishing.


Particularly, how to cast a light lure like a camp worm on a small stick - and a rapala on a bigger stick. These are my two problems - I feel that I can never get far enough

Ziggy... ultra-light lure angling doesn't use any of the above techniques, (weight transfer etc), the tackle is just too light. With light lures, it's very difficult to load the rod blank. Rather, the rod loading comes through developing a wristy flick action with the rod tip... using speed of the rod tip to flick the lure out.
#TheGreatAwakening

Offline REEFMAN

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #18 on: May 08, 2012, 08:21:17 AM »
Great post Reefz  :+ cred:  This is more complicated than a golf swing  :hehe:

Nowhere near as complicated Willie! There is MUCH more room for margin of error in casting than striking a golf ball far and straight!!
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Offline Fritz

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Re: Improve your Casting 101
« Reply #19 on: May 08, 2012, 08:41:45 AM »
 :+ cred:  To you Tony, allways nice to read your posts. Very informative as allways. (clap)

 

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