Author Topic: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing  (Read 61143 times)

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Galjoen

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The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« on: July 14, 2010, 08:33:01 AM »
The anatomy of our National Fish
Galjoen have deep, plump bodies covered with small tenacious scales. The under slung mouth is small and surrounded by fleshy lips. Each of the jaws are set with a row of large, curved incisors in front and smaller teeth behind. There are no strong molars, but crushing teeth are found in the gullet. The galjoen varies in colour from silver-bronze to almost completely black, sometimes with stripes. Colours will change according to the fish’s surroundings and provide a measure of camouflage.
The dorsal and ventral fins, far back on the body, do not fold down and have a distinctive wedge shape. Galjoen are found from northern Namibia to southern KwaZulu- Natal, where they frequent the turbulent surf-zone, particularly at the interfaces of rock and sand. Due to its highly energetic lifestyle, the flesh of galjoen is packed with blood vessels. These fish often use the waves to gain access to food on exposed rocks.
« Last Edit: July 14, 2010, 08:33:59 AM by Galjoen »

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #1 on: July 14, 2010, 08:37:26 AM »
Breeding habits of Galjoen
Galjoen are serial spawners which mean that they spawn several times in a season. Their breeding extends from October to March, peaking in December. Female galjoen
grow faster than the male fish, reaching a maximum length of approximately 670 mm. Males attain 470 mm. Fish of both sexes rarely exceed 13 years of age. Sexual maturity is
attained in their fifth year, at which stage females measure approximately 34 cm and males 31 cm. Females release thousands of eggs. A rough guide is 370 eggs per gram of body mass. A large female galjoen may release 1,3 million eggs at each spawning. Fertilised eggs hatch into larvae, but these have never been located in the ocean, despite extensive sampling. Laboratory experiments have shown that the eggs float, and one can surmise that waves keep them in the surf zone where the young develop. Mortality is likely to be very high during this stage . Galjoen once occurred in great numbers throughout its range but over the last three decades the population has been dramatically reduced. Fisheries biologists have found a marked decline in the abundance of fish commonly caught by South African shore anglers over the course of this century, and the galjoen is no exception.
  All juvenile galjoen should be released safely back in the water
« Last Edit: July 14, 2010, 08:45:32 AM by Galjoen »

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #2 on: July 14, 2010, 08:44:30 AM »
Feeding patterns of Galjoen

[/color]Galjoen are known to feed on a wide variety of small invertebrates   and seaweed that live on rocks. Small black mussels   and crustaceans are among their most common prey. They   feed by removing organisms from rock surfaces and their   powerful incisors are admirably suited to this purpose. The   teeth in the gullet are well adapted for crushing shellfish.   Galjoen usually remain in a small home range for long periods,   maybe for several years. But some move out, and tagged   fish have travelled as much as thousands of kilometers. It   is not known what prompts galjoen to undertake large   movements, though food availability and water conditions are likely motivations.

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #3 on: July 14, 2010, 08:49:50 AM »
Sea Conditions for Galjoen Fishing

Conditions for galjoen are ideal when the following factors come into play; colour of the water, foamy water, constant even breaking waves, water temperature, washed open holes, proximity of rocks and the wind direction.  The galjoen fisherman may have the best bait and tackle available, but if the conditions are not favorable his chances are dramatically reduced.
The sea must have a lot of wave action that will in turn ensure adequate oxygen in the water causing the ever evasive galjoen to become very active.  A calm sea with little or no foamy water will cause the water to have less oxygen thus sending the galjoen off to find a more suitable place to feed.  The waves need to roll in evenly with a constant white foam to be classified as ideal galjoen water.  Galjoen prefer the water to be slightly discoloured with some wave action, should the water be too clear and transparent you can be sure no galjoen will be around.  A dirty green milky colour seems to be the colour preferred by the galjoen.  The ideal water temperature for galjoen fishing is between 15º and 19º Celsius.  Should the water be too cold the fish will go off the bite, too warm water will not have enough oxygen and also cause them to go off the bite.
Most experienced fishermen will avoid going fishing should the sea be to rough.  Huge swells running in smashing against the rocks followed by the water pulling back leaving the area you wanted to fish all but dry is not the way to spend your free time.  With this type of sea condition there is usually free floating kelp that is bound to find your line and causes many break offs and possibly even a broken rod for good measure.  Your sinker and bait will not be in the same place long enough for you to stand a chance of hooking a fish.  Move away from this area and try and find deeper water with some protection in small bays that will not be hammered by the surf,  by doing this you will find the galjoen has done the same and luck could be on your side with a fish or two.  There are areas along our coast where stronger water is referred, usually shallow rocky areas like Pearly Beach and Rietfontein that only allow galjoen to come into the shallow areas when there is a strong sea breaking over these areas.
Most fishermen prefer calmer seas with waves running in evenly in threes and fours.  This causes only slight waves to hit the rocks with only enough strength to wash around rocky outcrops causing small worms and bits of food to be washed free attracting feeding galjoen.  The water should not be to calm, there must be some foam breaking to ensure sufficient oxygen in the area being fished.

The galjoen fisherman is always on the lookout for holes that have opened up, this is caused by rough seas washing open areas that have been covered by sand for some time exposing small black mussels, worms etc.  Keep a look out for are rocky areas exposed after storms, shale and bits of rock washed up on a beach, beach areas with higher embankments  and steep drop offs should indicate good areas to fish for galjoen and other fish like steenbras. If a spot look productive then try it out for an hour or so, if nothing happen move on to the next spot. Most galjoen anglers get a good success rate at the end of the day to move around and search where the gallies are feeding. Always try different types of bait if a certain spot don’t produce anymore. Galjoen may feed on worm the one day and prefer red-bait the next day.
Should you however only get to the water on a higher tide be on the lookout for areas  where the waves tend to sit while rolling in on either side leaving a darker area that is deeper than the surrounding area.  These areas will have a darker blue colour to them, by casting your sinker into these holes you should feel a rocky bottom when slowly retrieving your line.  The moment you feel your sinker touch an object under the water let it stay there for a couple of minutes, any fish in the area are bound to pick up your bait.  Try casting your bait into this area for another 30 minutes or so, if you don’t feel a fish move to another spot, the hole has been open for to long or the fish are not feeding in the area at the moment, maybe try the spot later on in the day on a different tide.
Fishermen will know that wind plays a large role in catching most fish, this is also true for galjoen fishing.  Most fishermen will agree that fishing when the wind is howling is no fun at all, your line gets blown into a bow that makes it just about impossible to feel a bite unless the fish takes the bait all the way down hooking itself. However wind is extremely important to bring about the necessary cycle in weather that is needed to bring favorable fishing weather.  The cycle usually runs over a 7 day period starting with lovely sunny weather with no wind and bright blue ocean, no galjoen would be caught near the shallower areas. On day 2 the North Westerly wind starts blowing up a gale, the water still has the pale blue colour to it, making it very unpleasant for fishing.

On the 3rd day it usually starts raining causing the North Western to slacken and turn to a South Westerly wind.  Large swells run inshore bringing about a very rough foamy shore line.  The sea is too rough to fish. The 4th day will have scattered showers with a light southerly wind, the water will still be very rough with lots of loose floating kelp and strong side washes making it impossible to fish. Day 5 will have a Strong South Easterly wind blowing, flattening the sea.  Water colour has improved and waves are foaming through evenly in 2s and 3s, the water temperature has gone up making it a very good fishing day. Day 6 will have a light South Easterly blowing, sunny skies.  Waves are breaking evenly close to shore bringing feeding fish into the tidal zone within casting distance.  Good fish should be taken. On day 7 a light North Easterly wind blows causing the water to start changing.  The water looses its colour and gets colder making the fish go off the bite.

 

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #4 on: July 14, 2010, 08:52:57 AM »
Excellent “working” water for galjoen fishing, note all the rocks that washed out on the beach which means that a hole has opened up and that galjoen should be in the vicinity
« Last Edit: July 14, 2010, 10:54:11 AM by Galjoen »

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #5 on: July 14, 2010, 08:55:23 AM »
 :fnx: :fnx: :fnx:


Dankie Wikus !

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #6 on: July 14, 2010, 08:56:13 AM »
Good “working” galjoen-water at the shipwreck in Agulhas
« Last Edit: July 14, 2010, 08:57:11 AM by Galjoen »

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #7 on: July 14, 2010, 08:58:58 AM »
2 Fat Galjoen caught at De Kelders, Gansbaai
« Last Edit: July 14, 2010, 08:59:34 AM by Galjoen »

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #8 on: July 14, 2010, 09:04:06 AM »
Excellent “omo” water for galjoen fishing!!!
« Last Edit: July 14, 2010, 09:04:38 AM by Galjoen »

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #9 on: July 14, 2010, 09:06:12 AM »
Galjoen and White Steenbras usually feed together, especially at De Kelders in Gansbaai
« Last Edit: July 14, 2010, 09:06:39 AM by Galjoen »

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #10 on: July 14, 2010, 09:09:08 AM »
Good spot for Galjoen & White Musselcraker @ Agulhas…Piete Kind Se Huis, excellent rock formation with bamboo at the back, the ultimate fishing ground for Galjoen & White Musselcracker
« Last Edit: July 14, 2010, 09:09:39 AM by Galjoen »

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #11 on: July 14, 2010, 09:16:14 AM »
Marine reserves protect galjoen
New evidence has shown that marine reserves play an important role in safeguarding galjoen stocks for the future. The De Hoop Marine Reserve and the Tsitsikamma National Park provide total protection for inshore fish species like the galjoen. As a result adult fish are protected in these reserves and make an important contribution to spawning stock, although many move out of the reserve into adjacent areas where anglers catch them. 
Based on tagging statistics, it was estimated that a net mass of between 10 and 20 tons of galjoen leave the De Hoop Marine Reserve every year. De Hoop is therefore supplying anglers with a steady source of galjoen which will not dry up.
Galjoen in excellent condition @ De Hoop Marine Reserve
This fat female Galjoen was tagged and released safely back in the water

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #12 on: July 14, 2010, 09:21:34 AM »
Basic need for galjoen fishing
Just add your fishing rod & some bait…. it’s time to go fishing
« Last Edit: July 14, 2010, 10:56:08 AM by Galjoen »

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #13 on: July 14, 2010, 09:26:48 AM »
Wikus, Baie baie dankie. Puik artikel. Jy mag maar nog post. Hier is krediet vir jou.
« Last Edit: July 14, 2010, 09:37:07 AM by Sailor »

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #14 on: July 14, 2010, 09:29:14 AM »
Basic Galjoen Rig
 
[/color]The basic galjoen rig consist of one swivel, hook and sinker, nothing fancy, try and keep it plain and simple. Attach your leader line & sinker line to the same end of the swivel and your hook trace to the other end. The reason why the hook trace shouldn’t be with the main line is because usually what happens when your reel-in to check your bait the bait will go into a spinning action which could tangle up with the sinker line or make wrinkles in the hook trace, if the hook trace is on the other end, the bait can freely swivel around and won’t tangle up at all. The length of the hook and sinker line will vary from angler to angler, depending on the area being fished. Usually the sinker line will have a lighter breaking strain than the main and hook line so that if the sinker gets stuck it should be able to break and you won’t loose the rest of your rig.
« Last Edit: July 14, 2010, 09:31:24 AM by Galjoen »

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #15 on: July 14, 2010, 09:34:39 AM »
Bait
[/color]Although there’s so many different kinds of bait for galjoen fishing, I’ve found after a 7 year study that this is the top 6 baits to use whilst galjoen fishing:1.     Red-Bait2.     Wonder Worm3.     Blood Worm4.     Moonshine Worm5.     White Mussel6.     Prawn
 
Red-bait “sandaas” and mussel, excellent bait for galjoen especially with a combination of the two to use as bait on a 2/0 hook
 
« Last Edit: July 14, 2010, 09:40:47 AM by Galjoen »

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #16 on: July 14, 2010, 09:43:13 AM »
Don’t forget to use combo’s, like mixing white mussel with prawn or blood worm with prawn, even mixing your red-bait with white mussel

The bait: red-bait mixed with white mussel...
The result!   
« Last Edit: July 14, 2010, 09:46:23 AM by Galjoen »

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #17 on: July 14, 2010, 09:51:20 AM »
Red-Bait
[/color]Red-bait can be collected all along the coastline especially between the rocks on spring low tide when it’s easier gain access to the bait. Red-bait can also be collected a few days after a big storm when it can be easily picked up on the beach. Fresh red-bait, after it’s removed from the shell, should be kept in a strainer for at least 3 days for it to mature and to drain excess water. Don’t leave the bait in direct sunlight as it will make the bait sour and it’s definitely not what a galjoen is looking for. Remember that galjoen can be caught on fresh and matured red-bait. Try having both, some fresh and some matured also remember to use it together as a combo-bait, a piece of fresh combined with a piece of matured bait. Red-bait is one of the most preferred baits of all galjoen fishermen.
 
Red-Bait (Sand-aas)

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #18 on: July 14, 2010, 09:55:05 AM »
Galjoen on red-bait, look at the excellent rolling water in the back ground

Galjoen

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Re: The Ultimate Guide to Galjoen Fishing
« Reply #19 on: July 14, 2010, 09:59:04 AM »
Wonder Worm

[/color]To get wonder worm is hard work as one has to dig for them usually on spring low tide between the rocks. The trick in digging for the worm is to take your time and not to be over eager, as this is when your fingers will take a good beating between the rocks and broken shells. Overall is this a very good bait for galjoen but because it’s so difficult to get your hands on, not all fishermen use this worm at all and will rather stick to the easier baits to get like red-bait or white mussel which you can buy in the shops.Remember to keep your wonder worm fresh in newspaper, after a days fishing if there’s some left it can be salted and kept in the freezer for the next outing.
« Last Edit: July 14, 2010, 10:03:02 AM by Galjoen »

 

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